CBD 101: What is CBD?

CBD derived from hemp has been legal in the U.S. since December 2018, but many people are still in the dark when it comes to this wonder remedy. What exactly IS CBD? Let's find out.

By Isabelle Acker

July 14, 2020
Categories: Health & Wellness
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It seems like no matter where you look, over the past few years, the word CBD seems to be coming up a lot. Multiple news stories released about this newly legalized extract that can help with a host of different illnesses. Countless different products that boast the healing properties of CBD and how they can be integrated into your life. While hearing about all of the different applications that CBD is capable of helping with, it still leaves most of us unsure about what CBD even is. For years we have had loads of pharmaceuticals and chemical derived medications prescribed to ease the symptoms of our illnesses and we’ve done so without questioning it. 

Afterall, that old couple on the TV seems to be feeling better – even with all the side effects being listed – so why shouldn’t it work the same for me? But what if we told you that you could ease pain, inflammation, anxiety, neurological issues, intestinal tract problems and, in some cases, even cancer with the help of just one extract? It would sound pretty unbelievable, wouldn’t it? Well, Verlota is here to inform you that CBD is here to stay and it’s capable of a lot more than you may think.

What Is The History of CBD?

CBD is short for “Cannabidiol”, which is the non-psychoactive property of Hemp. Unlike its cousin Cannabis, Hemp has been used for its multiple applications before it was ever used to treat illnesses. In fact, humans have been working with hemp since the last ice age, over 10,000 years ago. Dating back to ancient Mesopotamia, hemp has been used for clothing, tools, rope, food, fuel and – of course – its healing properties.

While the hemp plant has been around for centuries, it was only this most recent century that led to the discovery of cannabidiol (CBD). In 1940 a chemistry professor at the University of Illinois (go USA), Roger Adams became the first to discover the extract by separating the oil from the hemp plant and discovering the many applications that we use it for today. Due to misinformation about hemp and its many applications at the time, however, it was quickly made to be illegal to the public and CBD was only able to exist in a research capacity. Leaving the rest of us to miss out on the healing properties and life changing effects of the extract for the better part of 78 years. It wasn’t until “The Farm Bill” was passed in 2018 that The United States was able to produce and cultivate hemp for its staggering list of applications.

Is CBD Legal?

Like we mentioned earlier, CBD exists in a “grey area” of legalities at the moment. The Farm Bill of 2018 opened up the possibilities of cultivation for commercial and personal use, but only when regulated by the government. There are still differing laws, depending on which state you reside in, that can make it easier or more difficult to procure this life changing compound.

Is it Safe?

In a few words, yes, CBD is safe. It’s a completely natural forming substance that can aid with tons of ailments. Unlike almost all pharmaceuticals on the market, CBD doesn’t contain anything outside of its natural properties. Melatonin may be added to aid with sleep in a SLEEP CBD formula or it may be added to coffee for a morning pick-me-up, but CBD itself contains no added chemicals that can be harmful for your body. To put it into perspective, below is a list of side-effects from a popular pain medication that can be purchased over the counter at any drug store:

  • Blurred Vision
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Liver Failure
  • Death


And there are a few possible side-effects of CBD:

  • Dry Mouth
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy


The differences between the two medications and their impact on your body are staggering when compared to each other. CBD is a healthy alternative to most chemical based meditations on the market and is a safe substitute for most of them. While we do advocate for the many benefits that CBD has to offer you and your overall health, Verlota does recommend that you consult your physician before deciding to take CBD or substitute it for your current medication.

How Is CBD Made?

Interestingly enough, the way that CBD oils, lipids and other health boosting compounds are extracted from the hemp plant is the same process that the FDA has been allowing food companies to operate for years. GRAS (generally regarded as safe) is a standard that all commercial extraction processes must abide by in the food industry, meaning that the safety protocols and standards that CBD must abide by are the same as the products you are already enjoying in your day to day life.

To extract CBD from the stalks, leaves and seeds of the hemp plant, most producers will use a CO2 process called “Supercritical Carbon Dioxide” This process utilizes a 100% non-toxic fluid – normally distilled water or oils – to be forced through the plant material and pull out the CBD components from the plant. Later, the solvent is removed from the mixture and you are left with a pure, high level of CBD. From there it can be diluted down to the different milligram potencies that  you see on the market today.

Cannabidiol – CBD – doesn’t ship directly once it’s produced, however. Once the essential oil has been extracted it must go through a rigorous process of testing and quality assurance. Technicians will test the extract for signs of damage, degradation, contamination, foreign objects and overall quality before it can be moved to the consumer phase of production. While most of the steps during the testing process do vary, depending on the manufacturer, there is a standard across the CBD board that all products must abide by.

What is CBD Good For & How Does It Work?

We have mentioned that CBD can be used for a multitude of ailments and symptoms that we encounter throughout our lives. We have talked a lot about the process in which CBD is cultivated and the many quality checks it must undergo before being approved for recreational use. But what, exactly does CBD help with? We hope you brought a pen, because the benefits of CBD in your life are staggering.

One of the most popular applications for CBD is its ability to alleviate pain and decrease inflammation. Every mammal on the planet has a complicated system of receptors referred to as the Endocannabinoid System. This system spans the entirety of the human body and controls many different aspects of our bodies. Pain and inflammation being a small portion of that. The endocannabinoid system is broken up into two main receptor targets: CB1 and CB2. These receptors interact with every function that our bodies undertake.​

The CB1 receptor is synonymous with most brain functions. Working in association with our motor functions and activity, ability to think, coordination, appetite, memory, pain and immune cells. The fact that CBD interacts with all of these areas of the body and our mental health means that CBD is a powerful aid in maintaining health with those specific areas. CBD has shown incredible promise in epilepsy and seizure research. A recent study by Doctor Nathan T. Cohen of the Children’s National Hospital of Washington DC found that, in 31 children taking prescription CBD, seizures reduced by 39% over a short period. Much research still needs to be done on the interaction between CBD and the neurological system, but early research has proven positive in the beneficial uses for CBD and people with seizures or other mental health issues like anxiety and depression.

While the human bodies CB1 receptors play a great part in our overall mental health, the CB2 receptor covers, basically, everything else. When it comes to our gut health, CBD plays a big part in improving the health of our gut, kidneys and pancreas. Making it a good introduction for patients with kidney disease, diabetes or other intestinal tract problems. From there, the CB2 receptor bursts into a laundry list of other applications and benefits for our bodies due to the fact that it targets our skeletal muscles, bones, eyes, tumors, reproductive system (sexual health), immune system, respiratory system, eyes, skin, nervous system, cardiovascular system and liver. These interactions with our bodies through the CB1 and CB1 receptors mean that the list of things CBD can help patients with is miles longer than the list of what it can’t.

Think of CBD as an iceberg floating in the ocean. From the top of the water you can see the crystal-blue mass bobbing up and down. A truly majestic sight to see firsthand. At first glance, you would assume that is the majority of the iceberg, but under the water lay a portion that is so massive, that it dwarfs what you can see above it. The top of the iceberg is pain & inflammation. It is the most common ailment that can be treated with CBD and is the one most commonly used in the dialogue of cannabidiol. But beneath the surface lies a myriad of other applications that CBD can be used for.


CBD oil is a truly marvelous discovery that almost seems to be integrated into our bodies without us knowing it. The more research that is done on CBD oil and the benefits of hemp extracts, the more scientists and health professionals discover that humans have almost evolved a symbiotic relationship with the extract. The discovery of the endocannabinoid system and how it interacts with the important functions of our bodies opens up new doors of research that have to be done to better understand this compound and how humanity can benefit from its properties. 

Cannabidiol (CBD) has been around for longer than civilized humanity and will likely be around long after we are gone. It is the goal and drive of Verlota to educate people about the healing effects of CBD and to create a space where you can perform at your highest potential. Every day new discoveries about CBD oil and its applications are being made. With recent laws that have been passed and the ever growing interest and rise in popularity of Cannabidiol, it’s safe to say that CBD is not going anywhere and that it will only continue to benefit our lives and allow us to be our happiest, healthiest selves.

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DISCLAIMER: These statements have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Verlota Inc. products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Information contained in or made available through Verlota.com website is not intended to constitute or substitute legal advice or consultation from medical or veterinary professionals. See verlota.com/terms-and-conditions

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